What can we do for disaster preparedness?

What can we do for disaster preparedness?

Earthquakes are an issue that scares and worries everyone. Considering that we are in the Mediterranean-Alpine-Himalayan belt, which is one of the most productive fault lines, this is not wrong. However, doing nothing about it and living in constant fear of earthquakes will not help either. Although earthquakes are natural disasters that occur outside of us, we can take preventive measures and reduce their effects.

Before the Earthquake:

● Items that are at risk of tipping, such as cabinets and libraries, should be fixed to the wall. If there is a gap in between, they should be filled with filling material to reduce the impact effect.
● Ceiling or wall-hung chandeliers, air conditioners, etc. should be hung securely away from walls and windows to carry their weight.
● The items on the counter or table should be fixed with plastic or metal holders.
● An earthquake bag should be prepared and the materials in it should be checked at regular intervals.
● Keeping heavy and overturnable items on or next to the bedsteads should be avoided.


During an earthquake:

● If you are at home or in a closed area during the earthquake, avoid unsecured items, squat next to a sturdy item and protect your head and neck with your hands.
● You should not light matches or lighters and stay away from electrical buttons.
● If you are outdoors during an earthquake, stay away from wall types, power lines and trees. Protect yourself by crouching in open ground.
● When you are caught in the earthquake in the vehicle, you can turn right and wait for the tremor to pass without putting yourself and other vehicles at risk.

The important items that should be in your earthquake bag can be listed as follows;

  • Food , Foods that contain high calories, vitamins and carbohydrates, prevent water loss and are durable (not perishable) (Canned, dried fruits, tahini-molasses, fruit juice, etc.). Photocopies of important documents,
  • Identity cards (ID card, driver’s license, etc.),
  • Title deed, insurance, license documents,
  • Mandatory Earthquake Policy,
  • diplomas,
  • Passport, bank wallet etc.
  • Other (pet health card, etc.)
  • clothes
  • Sock
  • Raincoat
  • Su
  • Clothing suitable for the climate
  • With each family member in mind, there must be adequate drinking water.
  • hygiene supplies
  • Soap and Disinfectants
  • Toothbrush and paste
  • Wet wipes
  • Toilet paper
  • Other materials
  • First-aid kit
  • sleeping bag or blanket
  • Pocket knife, whistle, small scissors
  • paper, pen
  • Battery-powered radio, flashlight and spare batteries (durable/long-life batteries should be selected)

It is very important to have an emergency bag with the materials you may need ready and within reach right after the earthquake. In addition, you can visit AFAD’s website to get detailed information about what to do during and after the earthquake.


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